The American Primate Emancipation Amendment—or simply the “APE” Amendment, for short—is a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The effect of the APE Amendment is to:
abolish slavery with respect to all primates in the United States of America
recognize habeas corpus mechanism for protecting the rights of all primates
recognize guardian ad litem mechanism for protecting the rights of all primates
eliminate the 13th Amendment’s exception for criminal cases
The text of the APE Amendment is modeled on that of the 13th Amendment. After years of development by the Humane Party legal team, versions of the APE Amendment text were subjected to three separate periods for public comment during 2015. After all public comments had been reviewed and final revisions made, the final version of the APE Amendment was signed into its current form by Clifton Roberts, then serving as Chief Executive Officer of the Humane Party, on October 19, 2015.
The final text of the APE Amendment was published on the first annual American Abolition Day, December 6, 2015.
The full text of the American Primate Emancipation Amendment reads as follows:
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude of any primate shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Section 2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall be available to ensure the rights of all primates.
Section 3. Every primate who does not have a guardian shall be provided a guardian ad litem when necessary to protect the primate’s rights.
Section 4. Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
American Abolition Day—or just “Abolition Day”, for short—is a national celebration to be observed annually on December 6. Abolition Day was created by the Humane Party for the two-fold purpose described below. Years in the making, Abolition Day was first formally celebrated in 2015.
The purpose of Abolition Day is two-fold:
1. Honoring the Past. The first purpose of Abolition Day is to commemorate the success of the proto-abolitionist movement in the United States of America, which movement culminated in ratification of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution on December 6, 1865. Ratification of the 13th Amendment, which ended human slavery in the U.S., represents the single most important moment in the history of civil rights in the U.S. since ratification of the Bill of Rights. The annual date of Abolition Day was chosen to coincide with the anniversary of this pivotal moment.
2. Brightening the Future. The second purpose of Abolition Day is to promote completion of the process of abolition so as to end slavery with respect to all other species within the jurisdiction of the United States. Specifically, Abolition Day serves to promote ratification of two additional abolitionist amendments.
The Humane Party published the first of these two additional abolitionist amendments, the American Primate Emancipation (“APE”) Amendment, on December 6, 2015. The APE Amendment, when ratified, will emancipate all other primates within the jurisdiction of the United States. The Humane Party is scheduled to publish the final text of the second additional abolitionist amendment, called simply the Abolition Amendment, on Abolition Day, 2016. The Abolition Amendment, when ratified, will emancipate all other animals within the jurisdiction of the United States.
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Roberts has over two decades of corporate organizational experience in industries ranging from health care to financial services. He currently serves as Ethics and Legal Compliance Manager for the world’s largest semiconductor producer.
Roberts, who has been a vegan for over eighteen years, recently served as Chief Executive Officer of the Humane Party, where he became known as a visionary in the areas of social justice, environmentalism, and animal rights. During this tenure, Roberts established the Humane Party’s current conference structure and finalized proposals for ground-breaking legislation, including three proposed amendments to the U.S. Constitution:
American Primate Emancipation (“APE”) Amendment, which abolishes slavery with respect to all primates
Equal Rights Amendment II, which guarantees equality under the law regardless of sex, sexual orientation, gender, or choice of spouse or partner
Democracy Amendment, which replaces the Electoral College system with democratic election of the U.S. President
Roberts, a United States citizen, was born at Yukota Air Force Base in Japan. He graduated from the University of California at Berkeley and currently resides in Sacramento, California. Announcement of Roberts’ candidacy coincides with the 2015 “World Vegan Day” celebration, which commemorates Donald Watson’s coining of the term “vegan” in 1944.
Additional information on Clifton Roberts and his vision for a prosperous, sustainable, and cruelty-free economy is being made available through the official website for his 2016 Presidential campaign (www.cliftonroberts.org).